With the constant advances in the way of offering internet access, the FTTH network emerged to bring more advantages to homes and businesses in the face of large data consumption and the need to faster and more stable connections.
Using fiber optics, internet operators already offer the FTTH network at millions of points around the world for broadband connection. check below what is FTTH network, how it works and what are its main benefits!
What is FTTH network?
THE FTTH network (fiber to the home) is a type of connection offered by operators which, translated, means “fiber to the home”. This name is used because it uses fiber optic connection, making a “direct” connection from the server to the customer's home.
Although it uses the word “home”, it is also used by small and medium-sized companies. This method is relatively new, but it is growing rapidly because it provides benefits such as a much higher bandwidth, which enables services that require a more robust connection.
The FTTH network has this differential, as it provides uninterrupted high-speed internet service, without oscillations and connection drops, with the capacity to offer much higher bidirectional transmission speeds directly from end to end.
Even if this connection is made directly to the end point without interruptions, this does not mean that a single cable is connected from the provider's server directly to the end point.
There are derivations done halfway through, using splice and distribution boxes that make the branching of the network according to the provider's project.
How does an FTTH network work?
THE optical fiber has been used more and more in the means of data transmission, in addition to its initial use, which was only aimed at telephone switches and data centers🇧🇷 With the advantages of this model, optical fiber is now being applied in a general way for consumers.
THE FTTH network uses fiber optics for the high bandwidth capacity that she offers. The information is carried by optical pulses, which prevents interference (EMI and RFI), crosstalk and noise, different from connections that make electrical pulses such as those made by twisted pair and coaxial cable.
It is still possible to use the FTTH network in longer distances without loss of connection quality, different from copper and coaxial cable, carrying information with limitation only in the equipment that illuminates the fiber.
the form of FTTH network deployment it can be done using an active or passive method, but today the most used is the passive one for mass application. Typical technologies used in the market today are Ethernet Passive Optical Network (EPON) and Passive Optical Network with Gigabit capability (GPON).
This term related to the passive method is related to the way the network architecture works, where the elements that perform the transmission do not need electricity to function🇧🇷 The only active part of this type of connection takes place in the equipment OLT (service operator center) and UN or ONT (inside the client's home).
Thus, it is possible to offer more advanced services, compatible with the high data consumption carried out by people and companies. This includes, in addition to high-speed internet, services that use triple reproduction (voice, video and data) such as VoIP, RG video, IPTV, HDTV, streaming of video, pay per view, among many others.
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What are the benefits of the FTTH network?
Now that you have a better understanding of what an FTTH network is and how it works, understand below the main advantages for end consumers using this type of connection.
1. More connection speed
One of the most important advantages of FTTH networks is their ability to offer much higher connection speeds, as well as their ability to transport data quickly.
Broadband speed numbers are above 100 Mbps (megabits per second), can reach 1 Gbps (Gigabits per second), as opposed to older forms of connection that use DSL, coaxial cable, or twisted-pair metallic conductors. There is also the XGS-PON technology, a Passive Symmetric Optical Network with a capacity of 10 Gigabit, that is, which can reach a maximum speed of up to 10 Gbps.
2. Connection prepared for future demands
As we commented, the technologies are in constant development. There are always new digital services that need a stable connection and demand the ability to deliver faster speeds and response times.
FTTH networks use a technology with bandwidth designed to meet possible demands of the coming decades, all reliably and economically when purchasing the service.
Today, it already supports the main innovations such as IoT (Internet of Things), streaming to TV in UHD or 4K, virtual reality or games with holograms and high definition 3D.
3. More savings in purchasing multiple services
As mentioned earlier, the FTTH network allows numerous services through a single connection using optical fiber, which adds other functionalities such as telephone services, video, audio, television channels and other types of digital data flow.
That is, instead of contracting different services from several solutions, it is possible to unify all of them through a single system.
This type of service is still becoming increasingly cheaper to be implemented and offered by operators, which helps to have a high quality service at affordable and competitive prices. For example, the cost of one kilometer of optical fiber is around R$ 700.00 to R$ 900.00, while coaxial cable costs, on average, from R$ 1,200.00 to R$ 2,000.00.
Now that you understand better what is an FTTH network and its benefits, it was easy to understand why this type of connection has become increasingly popular among end consumers and companies. O consumer of the future is increasingly connected and needs services compatible with the technological advances in the market.